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General Aspects

Areas and zoning

Aquaculture Appropriate Areas (A.A.A.)
A.A.A. are all those geographical areas established by Article 67 of the General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture regarding national assets of public use, through proper consultation to the responsible bodies of alternative uses of these lands or waters, on which the State is empowered to receive and process aquaculture concession requests.

Vulnerable Marine Ecosystems
Natural units formed by fragile geological structures, stocks or communities of low biological productivity invertebrates that show slow or poor recovery against anthropogenic disturbances such as seamounts, hydrothermal vents, cold-water coral formations, or submarine canyons. They are protected y the General Law on Fisheries and Aquaculture which prohibits extractive fishing activities with fishing gear, equipment and techniques that may affect the bottom.

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
Geographically defined areas that have been designated or regulated and managed in order to reach specific conservation objectives.

Open access areas
Coastline areas that are not declared under some type of marine concession or another type of allocation of marine space. The concept was coined mainly for small-scale benthic fisheries, since a regime of freedom of fishing was applied to those areas that were not under the AMERB (Management and Exploitation Areas for Benthic Resources) regime. However, acknowledging the weakness of the regime of freedom of fishing for the conservation and sustainable use of these resources, fisheries of invertebrate benthic resources and algae include the establishment of management plans since 2012.

Indigenous People's Coastal Marine Area (ECMPO)
A delimited marine area the administration of which is the responsibility of indigenous communities or associations who have exercised customary use of such area, as observed by National Corporation for Indigenous Development (CONADI).

Management and Exploitation for Benthic Resources (AMERB)
Access regime that allocates exclusive exploitation rights to small-scale fishermen organizations, through a management and exploitation plan based on the conservation of the benthic resources present in geographical areas previously delimited.